Skip to main content

Mycoplasma Sturni

MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET - Biological Product - Category B

 

SECTION I: Biological Product - Category B

Name:  Mycoplasma sturni (M sturni)

Synonym or cross reference: None

Characteristics: Class: Mollicutes, Order I: Mycoplasmatales, Genus I: Mycoplasma

Mycoplasmas are small prokaryotes devoid of cell walls, bounded by a plasma membrane only.

SECTION II – HEALTH HAZARD

Pathogenicity: Isolated from the conjunctiva of Sturnus vulgaris (European starling). M sturni has been associated with conjunctivitis in passerine species.  No known public health risks associated with M sturni

Epidemiology:  Limited information available (5 publications in Medline). M sturni is reported from North America and the United Kingdom.

Host range:  Passerine birds. In Northern mocking bird (Mimus polyglottis), Blue jay(Cyanocitta cristata), and European starling M sturni has been associated with conjunctivitis. Has been isolated from other passerine birds without clinical signs.

Infectious dose: Unknown

Mode of transmission: Probably fomites or direct contact

Incubation period:  No experimental data available

 

SECTION III – DISSEMINATION

Reservoir:  Passerine birds

Zoonosis: None

Vectors: None

SECTION IV –VIABILITY

Drug susceptibility: Unknown

Susceptibility to disinfectants:  Based on M gallisepticum and other poultry mycoplasma species susceptible to common disinfectants 

Physical inactivation: presumably inactivated by treatment at 56 C for 30 minutes

Survival outside the host: Stable in water for at 4 and 22 C for at least 24 hours and in PBS for 24 hours at 37 C (Based on M gallisepticum).

SECTION V- MEDICAL

NA, not infectious for humans.

SECTION VI – LABORATORY HAZARDS

Laboratory-acquired infections: Human laboratory infections have not been reported.

SECTION VII – RECOMMENDED PRECAUTIONS

Containment requirements: biosafety level 2 is recommended in a virology laboratory where cell cultures are also used in order to prevent contamination of avian cell cultures

Protective clothing: Laboratory coat is recommended

Other precautions:  None

 

SECTION VIII - HANDLING INFORMATION (based on M. gallisepticum)

Spills: cover with 1 % hypochlorite or 70% alcohol and clean up with paper towels. Disposal: add 1% hypochlorite to virus-infected cell suspension or autoclave.Storage: Lyofilized at 4 C for >7 years, at -30 C for at least 2 to 4 years  

 

SECTION IX –MISCELLANEOUS INFORMATION

There is little or no direct information available for M. sturni.  All information provided in sections IV to VIII are based on M gallisepticum ( see chapter 22 in Diseases of Poultry 11th edition 2003).

Date prepared: December 20, 2007

Prepared by: K.A. Schat, Professor of Avian Virology ​